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Scalp & Hair

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Over 75 million men, women and children are currently troubled by common scalp disorders.97% of all people will experience some form of scalp problem: Dandruff, Psoriasis, Seborrheic Dermatitis or a dry scalp.The occurrence of annoying scalp disorders appears to be increasing, particularly oily scalp.An unhealthy scalp may contribute to hair loss.The top-selling shampoo in the world is a medicated dandruff treatment.

  • Common scalp disorders
  • Possible causes of hair loss and thinning hair
  • Hair loss during chemotherapy

Dandruff, put simply, is the hyper-production of skin cells often linked to P. Ovale Fungus. Skin cells are produced and shed too quickly which causes flakes of dead skin to fall off the scalp. Millions of people have this chronic disorder. The unmistakable symptoms of dandruff are white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin covering the hair and shoulders, and an itchy, scaly scalp.


Oily scalp is a problematic condition that can lead to greasy hair, dandruff or a skin disorder known as seborrheic dermatitis. Excess oiliness, also known as seborrhea, is one of the most common scalp conditions. Oily scalp often results from an excess production of your skin’s natural oils, or sebum. This can cause your hair and scalp to feel greasy or dirty, even if you’ve recently washed your hair.


Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disorder, generally confined to areas where sebaceous (oil) glands are most prominent. The condition is not harmful or contagious, but it can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Although the cause is unknown, several contributing factors may play a role: abnormality of the oil glands and hair follicles, a yeast fungus with bacteria growing in the sebum, production of certain hormones, stress, change of seasons and fatigue.


Characterized by a tight feeling scalp and dry skin flakes falling from the scalp. The most common causes of dry scalp are climate, swimming pools, sun exposure, and harsh shampoos that dissolve the natural sebum on the scalp and remove moisture.


Psoriasis is a chronic skin and scalp disease of scaling and inflammation. Psoriasis occurs when skin cells quickly multiply below the surface of the skin and accumulate on the surface before they have a chance to mature. Usually, skin cell turnover takes about a month, but with psoriasis the process occurs in only a few days. Typical Psoriasis results in patches of thick red, inflamed skin covered with silvery scales referred to as plaques which usually itch and feel sore. Psoriasis is believed to be caused primarily by an immune system disorder, genetics, infections, stress, or medication.


A very common form of permanent hair loss associated with male pattern baldness. Men that are predisposed to androgenetic alopecia begin to lose hair at any time after puberty. Typically the (very gradual) hair loss begins on top of the crown and at the temples, and slowly expands. Generally, hair on both sides and the back of the head does not fall off. For many women, androgenetic alopecia starts during menopause.


Alopecia areata causes patchy hair loss. It is usually localized to the scalp, but can affect all hair-covered areas of the skin, such as the beard, pubic and eyebrow areas. Patchy baldness that typically begins with rapid hair loss on discrete areas of the scalp and sometimes progresses to complete baldness and even loss of body hair. The characteristic diagnostic finding is short, broken hairs called “exclamation point” hairs. Alopecia areata affects both males and females and, most often, children and young adults. It seems to be caused by an autoimmune mechanism, wherein the body’s own immune system attacks the hair follicles and disrupts normal hair formation. Alopecia areata is sometimes associated with allergic disorders, thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and other conditions, and some forms may be inherited. Hair can sometimes regrow within a year without treatment. The longer the period of time of hair loss, the less chance that the hair will regrow.


Shock/trauma, medication, heredity, menopause or aging.


Depending on the type of chemotherapy (cytostatics) the hair can fall out, but there is not always hair loss due to chemotherapy. Hair loss usually occurs two to three weeks after the first treatment. The drugs that are used during the treatment affect all fast-growing cells in the body, this also means that the healthy cells are affected. Next to the bone marrow, the hair is the fastest growing tissue in the body, the hair follicles take up the toxins of drugs and are no longer capable to produce new hairs. This will causes hair loss. During chemotherapy the scalp is more sensitive to external influences, such as cold and heat. In addition, the scalp will be drier and flakier. Hair loss due to chemotherapy is temporary, after the treatment it takes several weeks before it begins to grow again. The hair follicle needs time to recover before it can produce healthy hair. The hair will be initially thinner and different in structure. For example, somebody with curly hair can get straight hair and the other way around.


  • Get your wig at an accredited specialist for expert guidance and personal advice.
  • Take care of your scalp daily.
  • Use a silk / satin pillowcase during this period.
  • Watch out with sunlight, chemotherapy causes the scalp to be more sensitive.

How to reduce the effects of chemotherapy-induced hair loss

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